Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry


Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry
(1926- )
   statesman
   The president of France (1974 to 1981) who continued the conservative policies of his predecessors in the Fifth Republic, valéry Giscard d'Estaing was born in Koblenz, Germany, and educated at the École polytechnique and the École nationale d'administration. He began his career in 1952 in the Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs, where he served as assistant director of the minister's staff. Elected to the National Assembly in 1956 and 1958, he was named secretary of state for finance in 1959, and in 1962 became minister of finance. When his policies, which lowered inflation, caused also a slight recession, he left that post (1986) and returned to the National Assembly. In 1969, he joined the government of georges pompidou as minister of finance and economic affairs and, after Pompidou's death in April 1974, was elected president of the republic by 50.81 percent of the vote over françois mitterrand (see republic, fifth). Proposing closer political and economic ties among the European nations, Giscard established personal ties with other world leaders. He also sought to end inflation in France, presenting in 1976 a wide range of economic reforms. He was, however, unable to halt the economy's deterioration caused by worldwide recession. Defeated by Mitterrand in the 1981 election, he later served as president of the regional council of Auvergne (1986) and of the UDF (1988-96). Giscard has outlined his political ideas especially in two works: Démocratie française (1976) and Le Pouvoir et la Vie (1988-91).

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry — Gis·card d Es·taing (zhĭ skärʹ dĕs tăngʹ, tăɴʹ), Valéry. Born 1926. French political leader who as president of France (1974 1981) struggled against rising inflation and unemployment. * * * born Feb. 2, 1926, Koblenz, Ger. French political leader …   Universalium

  • Giscard d'Estaing, Valéry — (n. 2 feb. 1926, Coblenza, Alemania). Líder político francés y tercer presidente de la Quinta República (1974–81). Fue elegido para integrar la Asamblea Nacional en 1956. Fue ministro de finanzas de Charles de Gaulle (1962–66) y de Georges… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giscard D’Estaing, Valéry — ► (n. 1926) Político francés. Fue tercer presidente de la V República (1974 81) y creador de la Federación de Republicanos Independientes. A mediados de la década de 1980 ocupó diversos puestos políticos. En 1988 asumió la presidencia de la Unión …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giscard D’Estaing — Giscard D’Estaing, Valéry …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giscard d'Estaing — Valéry Giscard d Estaing Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valery Giscard d'Estaing — Valéry Giscard d Estaing Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valéry Giscard-d'Estaing — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Valéry Giscard d’Estaing — Valéry Giscard d Estaing Pour les articles homonymes, voir Famille Giscard d Estaing …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giscard d'Estaing — Giscard d’Estaing 1978 Valéry Marie René Giscard d’Estaing [valeˈʀi ʒisˌkaʀdɛsˈtɛ̃], im Französischen oft auch kurz VGE genannt, (* 2. Februar 1926 in Koblenz) ist ein französischer Politiker der bürgerlich liberalen Partei UDF. Von 19 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Valery Giscard d'Estaing — Giscard d’Estaing 1978 Valéry Marie René Giscard d’Estaing [valeˈʀi ʒisˌkaʀdɛsˈtɛ̃], im Französischen oft auch kurz VGE genannt, (* 2. Februar 1926 in Koblenz) ist ein französischer Politiker der bürgerlich liberalen Partei UDF. Von 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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